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Climate Change and Its impacts on Water Sources in India

 

Climate Change and Its impacts on Water Sources in India

-Ecenur Dede

The climate change is one of the challenging issues that the world faces with.It not only affects the quality of life but also is the essential issue that affect both economic social and political lives of individuals.Therefore,it has to be considered and has to be found some solutions regarding it in order to be able to enhance the lives of human being.In particular,India is the one of the countries that faces the issue of climate change.For instance,the country reported the highest number of deaths in 2016 was due to the extreme weather.(Lahiry,2018).Therefore ,it is one of the challenging problems that the country has to overcome with.In this article,it will be elaborated how climate change impacted the water sources of India and its impacts on the society.


In India,the water is one of the crucial sources that country has to take care of as any other places in the world.The importance of water specifically for India is due to being one of the most important agricultural producing countries in the world.Therefore,water even becomes more essential for India in terms of its economy.For instance, decline in monsoon rainfall since the 1950s have already been observed in the country.Therefore, the dramatic change in the monsoon could initiate more frequent droughts as well as greater flooding in large parts of India.The economic survey 2018/19 observed that during the years when rainfall levels drop 100mm which is below average, farmer incomes fell down by 15 percent during the kharif and seven percent during the rabi crops seasons.(Lahiry,2018). The survey points out

that climate change could reduce annual agricultural incomes in the range of 15 percent to 18 percent on an average and up to 20-25 percent for unirrigated areas.(Lahiry,2018).Therefore,climate change brings problems for the society which deals with agricultural production so their economic lives.In order to combat with the climate change,India can take into consideration severe precautionary measures which can be specified as ; a. demand management to suit the supply, by choosing appropriate cropping

patterns and technologies to reduce water consumption in industry, b. increasing efficiency of water usage, particularly in the irrigation sector,c.solutions to use the flood waters as a resource through diverting flood waters to have potential groundwater recharge zones,d..having large scale recycling of wastewater; and lastly having desalination of

seawater to meet the governmental needs.(Shrivastava,2015).Thus,those precautions can be applied so that the impact of climate change will be decreased as much as possible.

Lastly,the climate change is inevitable so the its impact on the environment as well as water sources.However, by taking some measures can be implemented in order to diminish its effects on the environment as well the society.Therefore,India being agricultural producing country can take such precautionary measure in order to be able to cope with the climate change on its water sources.

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Bibliography

Lahiry,S.C.(2018). “Climate change and its impact on water resources”India Water

Portal.Available at

https://www.indiawaterportal.org/articles/climate-change-and-its-impact-water-resources

Shrivastava,P.(2015). “Impact of Climate Change on Water Resources of India”Department

of Geology, Govt. V.Y. T. P. G. Available at

https://www.krishisanskriti.org/vol_image/11Sep201504094916.pdf

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