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Showing posts from May, 2013

"Every Day Over A Thousand Children Die Due To Three Reasons"

Every Day Over A Thousand Children Die Due To Three Reasons: They are unsafe drinking water, bad sanitation and un hygienic practices . we can protect our child by providing safe drinking water in school and at home , adopt good sanitation practice in home ,school, and public places . Personnel and community hygiene helps in personnel as well as community development.  Globally, an estimated 2,000 children under the age of five die every day from diarrhea diseases and of these some 1,800 deaths are linked to water, sanitation and hygiene.  Because of Un safe drinking water, sanitation and hygiene many children are dying. Many of them became the victims of disease ,and affect mentally & physically. It also affect personnel development and community development.   Almost 90 % of child deaths from diarrhea diseases are directly linked to Unsafe drinking water, lack of sanitation and  hygiene facilities . Deaths have come down significantly over the last decade, from 1.2 million

"Collective efforts to achieve water secure world"

Unless greater efforts are made to reverse current trends, the world will run out of freshwater, the United Nations said today marking the  International Day for Biological Diversity  and urging stronger scientific alliances to understand and protect natural resources. “We live in an increasingly water insecure world where demand often outstrips supply and where water quality often fails to meet minimum standards. Under current trends, future demands for water will not be met,” Mr. Ban said in his  message  for the Day. “Although seemingly abundant, only a tiny amount of the water on our planet is easily available as freshwater,” he added. Of the total volume of water on Earth, freshwater makes up around 35 million km3, or about 2.5 per cent of the total volume, according to the UN Environment Programme ( UNEP ). Water scarcity affects almost every continent and more than 40 per cent of the people on our planet, the UN Food and Agricultural Organization ( FAO ) said. With cur

"Protection against hazardous chemicals and waste"

Representatives from 170 countries have  adopted  a series of measures to strengthen protections against hazardous chemicals and waste during a United Nations conference in Geneva. The conference, organized by the UN Environment Programme ( UNEP ) and the Food and Agriculture Organization ( FAO ), brought together three UN conventions – the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm treaties – that together regulate chemicals and hazardous waste, and sought to promote synergies among them. The three autonomous Conventions convened the joint meeting to strengthen cooperation and collaboration between the Parties to the treaties, with a view to enhancing the effectiveness of their activities on the ground. Each Convention then continued individually over the two-week period to deal with its own specific topics of the global chemicals and waste agenda before returning in a joint session at the end of the week to finalize their outcomes. In a press conference, UNEP Executive Director Achim Ste

Japan to host world conference on disaster risk reduction next year

Japan will host the world conference slated to be held next year at which countries will adopt the successor to the current global blueprint for disaster risk reduction efforts, it was announced today at a United Nation forum on the issue that wrapped up in Geneva. The 10-year Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) came out of the world conference held in Kobe, Hyogo, Japan, in 2005. It is the first plan to explain, describe and detail the work that is required from all different sectors and actors to reduce disaster losses. The HFA outlines five priorities for action, and offers guiding principles and practical means for achieving disaster resilience. Its goal is to substantially reduce disaster losses by 2015 by building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters. Delegates at this week’s 4th Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction  called  for immediately starting work on developing targets and indicators to monitor the reduction of risk, ahead of next year’s confe

Ahead of June climate change

In the face of “clear and present danger,” the United Nations climate change body is warning that a stepped-up coordinated response is needed to fend off the impacts of climate change after the world’s carbon-dioxide concentrations surpassed their highest level in 4 million years. “The world must wake up and take note of what this means for human security, human welfare and economic development,”  said  the Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change ( UNFCCC ), Christiana Figueres. “In the face of clear and present danger, we need a policy response which truly rises to the challenge,” she continued urging a “greatly stepped-up response across all three central pillars of action: action by the international community, by government at all levels, and by business and finance.” The statement follows the announcement that global concentrations of heat-trapped carbon dioxide in the atmosphere last week passed the 400 parts per million mark, which impac

"Natural resource revenues could nearly double school access in developing nations"

Developing countries rich in natural resources can make huge gains towards universal schooling if they managed resource revenues better and devoted a significant share to education, according to a United Nations study released today. The  Education for All Global Monitoring Report  study, produced by the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ( UNESCO ), argues that by maximizing and transparently managing the revenues from their extractive industries, 17 focus countries could raise an extra $5 billion in funding for education every year – or about two and a half times the amount they received in aid to education in 2010. “National commitment to education has to be supported by adequate resources. The 17 countries covered in this study face tremendous educational challenges that can be met only through additional financing to expand their systems,” said UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova. The study, entitled  Turning the resource cures into a blessing for educat

Vital contribution of forests to food security and nutrition

The crops, animals and trees found in forests can play a crucial role in improving food security and nutrition around the world, according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization ( FAO ), which is hosting a gathering on the issue in Rome next week. Forests cover nearly a third of the globe and provide an invaluable variety of social, economic and environmental benefits. Around 1.6 billion people – including more than 2,000 indigenous cultures – depend on forests for their livelihood. Forests are also the source of three-fourths of freshwater, help to regulate the impact of storms and floods and store carbon from the atmosphere. Also, more than three billion people depend on forests for wood for cooking and heating. The  International Conference on Forests for Food Security and Nutrition , to be held at FAO headquarters from 13 to 15 May, will bring together policy-makers, scientists, the private sector, UN agencies, non-governmental organizations, a

Tetanus eliminated in over 30 countries at high risk

The United Nations and its partners today  announced  that tetanus – one of the most deadly diseases a mother and her newborn can face – has been eliminated in more than 30 countries with previously had high rates of the illness. The broad based Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination Initiative, in which various United Nations agencies participate, said that since 1999, over 118 million women of child-bearing age have been vaccinated against tetanus in 52 countries. Many of these women received their tetanus vaccine as part of a campaign which included other life- saving interventions for children – such as immunization against measles, Vitamin A supplements, de-worming tablets and information on umbilical cord care. Tetanus kills one newborn baby every nine minutes and almost all of these babies are born in poor families living in the most disadvantaged areas and communities. The disease is transmitted when children are born in unhygienic conditions, and non-sterile materi

Gap Between Poor And Rich Countries

The health gap between poor and rich countries has narrowed significantly over the past two decades according to a United Nations report released today, which stresses that in spite of this progress, challenges still remain to achieve the health targets of the Millennium Development Goals ( MDGs ). “Intensive efforts to achieve the MDGs have clearly improved health for people all over the world,”  said  the Director-General of the World Health Organization ( WHO ), Margaret Chan, but with less than 1000 days to go to reach the deadline for achieving the Goals, “it is timely to ask if these efforts have made a difference in reducing the unacceptable inequities between the richest and poorest countries.” Agreed by world leaders at a UN summit in 2000, the eight MDGs set specific targets on poverty alleviation, education, gender equality, child and maternal health, environmental stability, HIV/AIDS reduction, and the creation of a Global Partnership for Development – all by a deadl

Key role of private sector to boost maternal health

Ban Ki-moon today highlighted the role that the private sector can play in contributing to improve maternal health services across the world through the United Nations Every Woman Every Child initiative. “We want to connect the private sector’s greatest strengths with the public sector’s greatest challenges,” Mr. Ban  said  at the Every Woman Every Child Taking Action Summit in New York. The Every Woman Every Child effort, launched in 2010, aims to save the lives of 16 million women and children by 2015 by mobilizing governments, multilaterals, the private sector and civil society to address the major health challenges facing women and children around the world. To date, Every Woman Every Child has brought together 260 partners and made ambitious commitments to advance its goal, and billions of dollars in new funding for women’s and children’s health have been mobilized and $10 billion has already been delivered. “Philanthropy can play a particularly important role as a cata

When ‘Right to Sanitation’ becomes ‘Right to Life’

By Suman Bhanoo, PRIA We all are aware of the recent rape in Delhi where a young girl of a basti was subjected to major atrocities in the unguarded public toilet near her basti. This is by no means a stand-alone case and most of the urban poor – especially women and girls have to deal with various issues (health, security and safety, loss of dignity to name few) either due to lack of facilities or ill-equipped services in their slums bastis. According to United Nations Human Rights, it is estimated that 2.6 billion people live without proper sanitation. Over 1.1 billion people have no sanitation facilities. On the other hand, WHO-UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) estimates that 80 percent of the world’s urban population has access to adequate sanitation, compared to only 39 percent of the rural population. However it is a known fact that the health impact of lack of access to sanitation is far worse in urban areas than in rural areas, due to higher density of population.

Spearheading Hand Wash & Menstrual Hygiene Practices in India

HEEALS, a non-profit organization has collaborated with various schools to spread awareness about the importance of hand wash and menstrual hygiene among children of variable ages. It’s often seen that a simple practice like washing hands is not given enough importance by children as  well as adults. But, it is a medically proven fact that proper hand washing  is one of the best ways to   avoid getting sick. Similarly, menstrual hygiene  is also an   ignored practice among adolescent girls because of the taboo  attached to it.                                                                                         Sanitary Pad Distribution in Schools HEEALS spearheaded their campaign “Hand Wash and Menstrual Hygiene” using various innovative and interesting activities to explain the importance of hygiene practices. Till now, they have targeted six schools and 1050 students in Gh