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Monday, 1 October 2018

PRIVATE SCHOOLS AND GOVERNAMENTAL SCHOOLS




In recent years, India's economical growth improved continuously,
ameliorating the society livelihood and lifestyle. But, what about the
education system? The governmental efforts in order to improve and
increase literacy in the last century, since the independence, allowed
to the population to engage in schools and universities as never
before. But, there is still a gap between the private and the
governmental schools.
From an administrational point of view, we just can say that an
obstacle to a successful management of a governmental school is the
paperwork and the bureaucracy that involves all steps of work.
One of the main differences between these two kinds of schools is the
infrastructure issue. The construction of a public school is often new
and well maintained; while for the governmental the situation may be
more critical. May happens that in this type of schools there is a lack of
electricity, water, sanitation items and facilities. The electricity issue
represent a problem because is involved with the possibility to have
water in bathrooms, light in classrooms, air vents or any electronic
item (that may be very helpful in order to improve student's
knowledge). This substantial difference is more evident in village area,
and may be directly connected with the nature of both kind of schools;
in fact, in a governmental schools there's no need to pay fees or taxes
to attend, schools uniforms and materials (books, exercises book and
pens) are freely provided by the government. This allow to the
poorest people to send their children to school, avoiding them child
labour.
This may be seen as a great step forward, but at the same time is
necessary to underline the different chances that have students
coming from these two kinds of schools. In fact, because of big sums of
money invested in private schools, students not only live in a more
positively competitive environment, but also have the chance to join
different extracurricular activities that make their future Curriculum
more appealing. By contrast, in governmental schools the extra
activities are more related with more material and practical activities
that aims to improve student's livelihood, such as hand washing
activities. Often, these activities aimed to improve hygienic conditions
are conducted by local NGO, such as HEEALS NGO. In recent Years,
HEEALS managed to increase the livelihood of many schools,
providing RO water filter, facilities and realising educative workshops
about hygiene and sanitation. These practical activities have a
fundamental and positive implication in their daily life, but from an
academic point of view there is a gap.
Another big issue related to the distinction between private and a
governmental school is linked to the ratio of teacher to student.
In governmental schools this ratio is often too small, there are too
many children for few teachers; this mean that classrooms are more
crowded and the quality of teaching may have negative implications
that effects student's knowledge and teacher's work quality. It's easy
to imagine how much strong should be a teacher who teaches is such a
difficult environment, playing a role that is wider that one person can
imagine.
On concluding, it is important to underline that children shouldn’t pay
the bill for economical and financial choices, the main purpose of
education is the intellectual and human growth of students.

- Grandoni Laura


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