The strength of the relationship between a correct nutrition and a healthy
the consequences of malnutrition are pervasive and massive but also hidden.
This is why the malnutrition, specially concerning under nutrition, represents
a global challenge that requires both social and economic efforts.
Malnutrition can be seen as an outcome of bad interaction between different
agents, such as: agricultural food system, environment, health system, and
the individual-household decision making process. It is fundamental that in an
enabling environment, completed with specific intervention and programmes,
woman are allowed to have access to safe food, social safety nets, physical
and mental care, health and family planning services and water sanitation.
Moreover, all those factors contributes to the empowerment of women,
increasing their acknowledge and consciousness about nutrition and hygienic
A big role in women's empowerment is played by agriculture. In fact,
agriculture not only has effects on expenditures and consumption of food, but
also has a strong link with women's employment and their own nutrition and
health conditions. A problem related with agriculture, as findings shows, is
that farmers tend to sell more expensive and nourishing products, retaining
less expensive cereals for domestic consumption. This is why is necessary to
support an environmentally sustainable food production that includes a
diversification of products, allowing the availability of nutrient-dense foods
and small-scale livestock.
Speaking more particularly about woman’s health, we should consider the
age group between 15 and 25 years old, the younger women group among
whom fertility is more concentrated, who face the largest disadvantage in
India. This is considered a problem especially in relation to the pre-pregnant
underweight condition in India, in fact scholars affirms that approximately
42.2% of pre-pregnant women have their Body Mass Index (BMI) under
18.5kg/m2, this means that a strong percentage of Indian women before
pregnancy suffers from underweight and malnutrition.
But how this reflects on women's life? First of all, it has implication in work
capacity and productivity, regardless the work they carry out. It means that in
a work environment women in this condition may be considered less
productive. Another reflection implicates the social-physical and cognitive
sphere. Good nourishment allows developing all spheres in the most
appropriate way, in order to improve individual benefit. Finally, a very
important reflection of nourishment in women's life is related to the fetal and
child nutrition and development. An improvement of consciousness and
awareness in this field not only helps to ameliorate maternal healthcare and
safety, but also may largely reduce mortality in childhood and child's
undernourishment. In this sense, an improvement may have great reflection
on new generations learning capacity, improving the whole society.
But what does balanced diet means? A balanced diet is a correct
consumption of a large variety of food, which means that is appropriate to
consume a right quantity of various nutritious daily. An inappropriate diet may
cause healthy problems such as micronutrient deficiency, like a lack of
important vitamins and minerals, generating various types of symptoms.
In conclusion, all those evidences bring us to consider how much important
are good and healthy diet habits, balancing correctly all nourishments, in
order to ameliorate woman’s health and lifestyle.