Nature of the disease
Risk for travellers
The malaria parasite is transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes, which bite mainly between dusk and dawn.
Malaria is transmitted to people through the bites of infected mosquitoes by plasmodium parasite which is spread by Anopheles mosquitoes. They most commonly bite between dusk and dawn. Malaria can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy.
Symptoms usually appear about 12 to 14 days after infection. People with malaria have the following symptoms:
- Abdominal pain
· High fever
· low blood pressure causing dizziness if moving from a lying or sitting position to a standing position (also called orthostatic hypotension)
· muscle aches
· poor appetite
It can keep on continuing to
§ Deep breathing and respiratory distress
§ Abnormal bleeding, such as anemia
§ Clinical jaundice and organ dysfunction.
Treatment usually lasts for 3 to 7 days, depending on the medication type. To get rid of the parasite, it's important to take the medication for the full length of time prescribed by doctor.
Transmission depends on climatic conditions like
- Rainfall – water logging give a push to mosquito breeding as mosquito eggs must be laid in water and mosquito larva mature in water.
- Humidity - increases the lifespan of mosquitoes, giving them more opportunities to carry malaria infections from one person to another.
- Temperature that may affect the number and survival of mosquitoes. It has been seen that places at high altitudes or cooler regions, mosquitoes are less and hence, malaria cases are rare.
- Deforestation can favour mosquito breeding combined with poor access to effective health care.
Precautions Is Better Than Cure!
Although malaria is preventable and curable; in the beginning, symptoms may be mild and difficult to recognize as malaria. If not treated within 24 hours, malaria can progress to severe illness often leading to death.
Although there are no vaccines at the moment for Malaria but we can prevent it by using
- Mosquito nets so as to prevent ourselves from the mosquito bites.
Text & Information By : Shweta Birla
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